Common Infertility Problems Among Women

WhatsApp Image 2019-03-22 at 12.03.04 PMA healthy reproductive system is essential to increase one’s success of conceiving a child. 30 percent of women have infertility issues and treatment will most probably be needed if you would like to have a baby.

There are many reasons which can cause a woman to become infertile. Among them are gynaecological medical conditions. Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist and Fertility Specialist from TMC Fertility Centre which is located in Thomson Hospital, Dr. Nurhazinat Bt Mohamed Yunus shares about common gynaecological medical issues which can cause infertility.

The Possibilities
From endometriosis to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), these gynaecological medical conditions may sound familiar to many. However, did you know that it can lead to infertility if left untreated?

Though, before understanding the different medical conditions, Dr. Nurhazinat believes that it is best to learn about the symptoms that every woman should look out for.

“Any abnormal symptoms related to a woman’s reproductive system can be a sign of a gynaecological medical condition,” she says.

There are a few common symptoms you should be aware of. Dr. Nurhazinat explains that they include:

  • A short menstrual cycle of 24 days or less
  • An infrequent menstrual cycle which can take about 40 days for one cycle
  • Severe pain during your period which will require medical attention or a day off from work
  • Heavy bleeding (which usually requires about four to five changes of sanitary pads daily)
  • A long menses duration of 10 days or more

“If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, this can indicate a possible underlying gynaecological medical condition,” she says.

Common Gynaecological Medical Conditions
“There are five common causes of the symptoms as mentioned,” says Dr. Nurhazinat.

The common medical conditions which can cause infertility includes:

  • Endometriosis – This condition occurs when a tissue found in your uterine lining, grows outside of your uterus. Endometriosis can cause severe pain especially during your period.
  • Ovarian Cysts – Ovarian cysts are sacs that are filled with fluid, which can be formed in the ovaries.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) – When your hormones are imbalanced, this can lead to PCOS. What happens is that the ovaries will grow small cysts, forming like a chain of pearls.
  • Uterine Fibroid – Often occurs during childbearing years, uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – PID occurs when the cervix is infected with bacteria due to a sexually transmitted disease. This includes cases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia.

“Besides these five conditions, there are also other less common conditions which you should also be aware of such as endometrial polyps,” she highlights. If you have been diagnosed with any of these conditions, treatment is widely available.

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Dr. Nurhazinat Bt Mohamed Yunus is an Obstetrician & Gynaecologist and Fertility Specialist at TMC Fertility & Women’s Specialist Centre ( For more enquiries or to schedule an appointment, please call: +60 3 6287 1000 or email us at

24-hour Careline : +60 18 2111 088 | +60 16 2111 357 | +60 18 2111 405


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